Konzorcium, fő p.: A kooperáció társadalmi és mentális dinamikája  részletek

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Projekt adatai

 
azonosító
72059
típus NN
Vezető kutató Gintis Herbert
magyar cím Konzorcium, fő p.: A kooperáció társadalmi és mentális dinamikája
Angol cím Consortional main: The Social and Mental Dynamics of Cooperation
magyar kulcsszavak evolució, kooperáció, kogníció, altruizmus, önzés
angol kulcsszavak evolution, cooperation, cognition, altruism, self-regarding
megadott besorolás
Evolúciókutatás (nem molekuláris) (Agrár-, Környezet-, Ökológiai és Földtudományi)50 %
Pszichológia (Bölcsészet- és Társadalomtudományok)25 %
Ortelius tudományág: Kísérleti pszichológia
Elméleti Biológia és Biológiatörténet (Agrár-, Környezet-, Ökológiai és Földtudományi)25 %
zsűri Szupraindividuális Biológia
Kutatóhely Közgazdaságtudományi Tanszék (Budapesti Közép-európai Egyetem Alapítvány)
projekt kezdete 2007-12-01
projekt vége 2011-11-30
aktuális összeg (MFt) 5.625
FTE (kutatóév egyenérték) 0.79
állapot lezárult projekt
magyar összefoglaló
The various behavioural disciplines model human behaviour in distinct and incompatible ways. Among major incompatibilities is treatment of the individual as rational and self-interested in economics and biology, and the treatment of human social institutions as mechanisms fostering efficient cooperation among self-interested individuals. This contrasts with the view of the individual in social psychology, sociology and anthropology as a repository of cultural values, and the treatment of cooperation in society as a product of the internalization of cultural norms. Another major incompatibility is the use of game theory and decision theory in economics and biology to explain human behaviour, and the virtually complete rejection of these tools in the other disciplines. These incompatibilities show that the behavioural sciences fail to attain the status of true science, not because discrepancies exist, but because behavioural scientists have failed to address and adjudicate their differences. This causes problems for governmental research funding agencies whose behavioural budgets tend to be constrained by the unwillingness of policy makers and the tax-paying public to underwrite research activities with incompatible presumptions, yet whose principal investigators have no intention of confronting issues of interdisciplinary incompatibility.

The behavioural sciences all include models of individual human behaviour. Therefore, these models should be compatible. There should be a common underlying model to meet the particular needs of each discipline. Realizing this goal at present cannot be attained since the various behavioural disciplines currently have incompatible models. Yet recent theoretical and empirical developments have created the conditions for rendering coherent the areas of overlap of the various behavioural disciplines as outlined in this work. The analytical tools deployed in this task incorporate core principles from several behavioural disciplines.
angol összefoglaló
The various behavioural disciplines model human behaviour in distinct and incompatible ways. Among major incompatibilities is treatment of the individual as rational and self-interested in economics and biology, and the treatment of human social institutions as mechanisms fostering efficient cooperation among self-interested individuals. This contrasts with the view of the individual in social psychology, sociology and anthropology as a repository of cultural values, and the treatment of cooperation in society as a product of the internalization of cultural norms. Another major incompatibility is the use of game theory and decision theory in economics and biology to explain human behaviour, and the virtually complete rejection of these tools in the other disciplines. These incompatibilities show that the behavioural sciences fail to attain the status of true science, not because discrepancies exist, but because behavioural scientists have failed to address and adjudicate their differences. This causes problems for governmental research funding agencies whose behavioural budgets tend to be constrained by the unwillingness of policy makers and the tax-paying public to underwrite research activities with incompatible presumptions, yet whose principal investigators have no intention of confronting issues of interdisciplinary incompatibility.

The behavioural sciences all include models of individual human behaviour. Therefore, these models should be compatible. There should be a common underlying model to meet the particular needs of each discipline. Realizing this goal at present cannot be attained since the various behavioural disciplines currently have incompatible models. Yet recent theoretical and empirical developments have created the conditions for rendering coherent the areas of overlap of the various behavioural disciplines as outlined in this work. The analytical tools deployed in this task incorporate core principles from several behavioural disciplines.





 

Zárójelentés

 
kutatási eredmények (magyarul)
I prepared several papers dealing with the nature of strong reciprocity and its evolution, as well as finishing up a book with Samuel bowles entitled A Cooperative Species: Human Cooperation and its Evolution (Princeton University press, 2011). I did not need the research funds provided by OTKA, so I am returning the. I prepared several papers dealing with the nature of strong reciprocity and its evolution, as well as finishing up a book with Samuel bowles entitled A Cooperative Species: Human Cooperation and its Evolution (Princeton University press, 2011). I did not need the research funds provided by OTKA, so I am returning the.
kutatási eredmények (angolul)
I prepared several papers dealing with the nature of strong reciprocity and its evolution, as well as finishing up a book with Samuel bowles entitled A Cooperative Species: Human Cooperation and its Evolution (I prepared several papers dealing with the nature of strong reciprocity and its evolution, as well as finishing up a book with Samuel bowles entitled A Cooperative Species: Human Cooperation and its Evolution (Princeton University press, 2011). I did not need the research funds provided by OTKA, so I am returning the.Princeton University press, 2011). I did not need the research funds provided by OTKA, so I am returning the.
a zárójelentés teljes szövege https://www.otka-palyazat.hu/download.php?type=zarobeszamolo&projektid=72059
döntés eredménye
igen





 

Közleményjegyzék

 
Herbert Gintis: Game Theory Evolving, Second Edition, Princeton University Press, 2009




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